This is infection of the gums. Left unchecked this disease can spread and deepen leading to deterioration of the supporting structures that hold a tooth in place within the jaw.
Causes of Gingivitis
The main cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. This is because once food debris and bacteria are allowed to stagnate it turns into a sticky substance called Plaque. Once plaque hardens by minerals in saliva it forms a substance called “tarter” or “calculus”. This is very difficult to clean and remove as it adheres firmly to the teeth. Since the gum surrounds the teeth, toxins produced by the bacteria inflame the gums. This propagates a cascade of events leading to the infection of the teeth and the gums. If left unchecked further deterioration occurs by infection of the supporting bone. The condition is the called Periodontitis.
There can be many reasons for infection of the gums these include: increased susceptibility to infection; frequent snacking; incorrect diet; incorrect cleaning technique; physical inability to clean; difficulty in cleaning due to crowding of teeth that have twisted or rotated.
Signs and Symptoms you have Gum Disease
- Red gums
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Bad breath
- Painful teeth
- Painful gums
- Swollen gums
This involves careful assessment of the gums by the dentist to determine the extent of damage that has already occurred. We also need to understand whether the disease is active and its underlying cause.
This will help us to establish specific protocols that are unique to you and that enable us to treat the condition properly and with minimal long-term effects.
Our main aims of treatment is to prevent Gingivitis becoming more advanced and involving the supporting bone. Infection of the gum involving the bone is called Periodontitis.
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